Skip Menu
Top_menu
Sub_content

The Hope of Korea. The Center City of Saemangeum. GIMJE


Sub_content

 National Treasures/Treasures

Home > Cultural Heritage > National Treasures/Treasures

Gwisinsa Daejeokgwangjeon

National Treasures/Treasures
Location 81 Cheongdo-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimj-si
Classification Treasure No.826
Date of Designation 1985. 1. 8
Period Silla Dynasty

The Gwisinsa was built by the great priest Uisang, during the 16th year of King Munmu (676). The area was surrounded by Buddhist temples, and was said to have had 7~8 hermitages nearby. In addition to the Daejeokgwangjeon, the Myeongbujeon, Yeonhwadaeseok, Daejangseok, and many stone figures are located within the Gwisinsa. The Gwisinsa temple is also said to have been the training center for monk soldiers during the Imjinwaeran (the Japanese invasion).

The roof of the Daejeokgwangjeon is gabled, and is 5 rooms in width and 3 rooms in depth. The stones at the base of the building are natural rocks. Multi-cluster brackets and beams are placed on top of the pillars. There are 3 doors on the front of the building, and each door has slanted-latticed frames. The eaves of the building are layered. 3 large Buddha statues are sealed with the Daejeokgwangjeon. The statue located in the center is the Gonrochaina Buddha, the statue located on the right is the Nosana Buddha, and the statue located on the left is the Seokgamoni Buddha. The statues molded with soil, and were re-coated with gold in 1980.

Geumsansa Noju

National Treasures/Treasures
Location 39 Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Treasure No.22
Date of Designation 1963. 1. 21
Period Goryeo Dynasty

This stone structure is similar in shape with the Seogryeondae, located on the right side of the Daejeokgwangjeon. But the Noju was not originally a structure of the Geumsansa temple. It was a initially located in the center of the courtyard of the Mireukjeon, but was later moved to its current place in 1922, along with the Daejangjeon.

It has not been known what the relic was used for. Without the small sculpture of a bud, it might have been a square-pedestal for a Buddhist image. On the platform, three stone-pedestals are layered orderly at the bottom, the middle and the top. The back of the bottom pedestal has engravings of pole-patterns on the edge, and of eight longish ovals on the surface. At the front of the bottom pedestal, there are 16 petals of a lotus flower engraved within it. The middle pedestal has no decoration on the side. The top pedestal also has 16 petals of a lotus flower engraved within it.

Geumsansa Dangganjiju

National Treasures/Treasures
Location 39 Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Treasure No.28
Date of Designation 1963. 1. 21
Period Unified Silla Dynasty

The Geumsansa Dangganjiju is located 50m east of the Geumgangmun. These pillars are made of granite and are standing on a 3-tiered podium. The podium is rectangular in shape, and the lower and middle tiers are made with natural rocks, while the upper tier is made with two well-faced granites.

Each face of the upper tier has two eye-shaped patterns engraved within it. The lower tier has a width of 390 and a length of 310. The middle tier has a width of 250 and a length of 190. The upper tier has a width of 210, length of 140, and a height of 39. The height of the two pillars are 355, and they become thinner as they go towards the top. There are grooves on the bottom, middle and top of the inner face of the pillars. These grooves were used to hold flagpoles.

Geumsansa Daejangjeon

National Treasures/Treasures
Location Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Treasure No.827
Date of Designation 1985. 1. 8
Period Joseon Dynasty

The Daejangjeon is located on the left side of the Daejeokgwangjeon, and faces the Mireukjeon standing on the far east. The building has 3 rooms along the front, and also 3 rooms along the sides. The roof is gabled (it has the shape of a ).

The brackets are multi-clustered, the pillars are cylinder-shaped, and the cornerstones are made of natural stones. The stylobate is made with well-faced stones, and arched structures are built on the edges to support the eaves. This building also has a very unique architectural style. There is a cylinder-shaped pagoda decoration in the middle of the roof ridge. The origin of such appearance is recorded in theGeumsansaji. It is written that the Daejangjeon was originally a wooden pagoda that stood in the front and right side of the Mireukjeon.

Geumsansa Mireukjeon

National Treasures/Treasures
Location 39 Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification National Treasure No.62
Date of Designation -
Period Joseon Dynasty

The Mireukjeon is located on the front and right side of the Daejeokgwangjeon, and it has a very unique architectural style. The building appears to have 3 stories when seen from the outside, but it actually has no divisions between floors, and is one open space in the inside. The detailed structure of the building is as followed. The first and second 'floor' have 5 rooms along the front and 4 rooms along the side. The third 'floor' has 3 rooms along the front and 2 rooms along the side. The eaves of each floor are double-layered and the brackets are multi-clustered.

The pillars are mostly cylinder-shaped. The 4 pillars in each corner of the first floor are made in a minheulim style (the pillars become thinner towards the top), and the rest are all cylinder-shaped. The pillars of the second floor stand on the middle of beams that connect the pillars of the first floor with the pillars of the inside. The tallest pillars are made from various types of wood, and not from just one log. These pillars are directly used as pillars of the second floor.

Geumsansa Bangdeunggyedan

National Treasures/Treasures
Location 39 Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Treasure No.26
Date of Designation 1963. 1. 21
Period Goryeo Dynasty

The Bangdeunggyedan is a 2 story stylobate. The lower story has a length of 1,260cm and a height of 80cm. The upper story has a length of 835cm and a height of 60cm. Images of Buddha and guardians are carved into the faces of the outer stones of both the upper and lower stylobates.

There is a platform on the top of the upper stylobate, and each side of the platform has a length of 205cm. Lion figures are carved into each corner of the platform, and the stone bell, which is standing on the center of the platform, is engraved with 16 lotus flowers.?

Geumsansa Seokdeung

National Treasures/Treasures
Location Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Treasure No.828
Date of Designation 1985. 1. 8
Period Goryeo Dynasty

A Seokdeung (or stone lantern) made of granite is standing in front of the Daejangjeon. The foundation stone is rectangular in shape, and each side has a length of 128. The lower and upper pedestals are round in shape, and each have 8 lotus petals engraved on the surface.

There is a pillar between the two pedestals, and it has a height of 96. The lantern cage, just like the pillar, has a octagonal shape. There are 4 windows in the lantern cage, with each having a width of 13 and a height of 34. The height of the lantern cage is 54, and the width of the faces including the windows are 33. The roof of the lantern also has a shape of an octagon, and floral patterns are carved into each corner. The floral pattern on the south is damaged. There is also a decoration carved on the top of the roof.

Geumsansa Seogryeondae

National Treasures/Treasures
Location 39 Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Treasure No.23
Date of Designation 1963. 1. 21
Period Unified Silla Dynasty

The Seogryeondae, which is located 10m southeast to the Daejeokgwangjeon, is a large stone structure made from granite.

It has a height of 167 and a girth of 10m. The diameter of the upper pedestal is 190 and the length of each side of the lower pedestal is 100. The foundation cannot be seen because it is buried in the ground. The lower pedestal was originally carved into a decagon, but two of the faces are nearly round shaped. Each face has an eye-shaped pattern with a lion figure engraved within it.

Geumsansa Ocheungseoktap

National Treasures/Treasures
Location 39 Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Treasure No.25
Date of Designation 1963. 1. 21
Period Goryeo Dynasty

The Ocheungseoktap (or 5 storied stone pagoda) located north of the Mireukjeon. This pagoda is has a square shape, and has a height of 7.5m. It is relatively large in size, but has a simple appearance. The stylobate has two stories, and a upper-center platform. There are corner pillars and supporting pillars standing on the platform and each are made from different stones.

Facial stones are inserted between each pillar. The body of each story is made from the same material, and corner pillars are set up on each edge. The stone roofs of the first and third stories are made from to stone materials, and the rest of the roofs are all made from one stone material. The supporting platforms of each roof stone have three layers. Only the first story has a supporting platform for the body. This pagoda has a total of five stories, although the unique decoration on the top makes it look more like a six-storied pagoda.

Geumsansa Yukgakdacheungseoktap

National Treasures/Treasures
Location 39 Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Treasure No.27
Date of Designation 1963. 1. 21
Period Goryeo Dynasty

There is a very unusual, yet elegant looking stone pagoda in the courtyard located on the front and right side of the Daejeokgwangjeon. The pagoda has a hexagonal shape, but the original number of stories is a mystery. Therefore the pagoda is called the Yukgakdacheungseoktap (or hexagonal multi-storied stone pagoda).

There are currently 11 stories remaining. This pagoda was originally located in the courtyard of Daeungdaegwangmyeongjeon of the Bongcheonwongu. But during the reconstruction of the Geumsansa (King Injo, 1st), the stone pagoda was moved to its current location along with the Daegwangmyeongjeon. The stylobate is made from granite, but the body of the pagoda is made from black clay-slate. With the exception of the top two stories (the 10th & 11th), all the stories are made up of only roof stones. It is believed that the stone bodies have been separated and lost.

Geumsansa Hyedeogwangsa Jineungtapbi

National Treasures/Treasures
Location 39 Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Treasure No.24
Date of Designation 1963. 1. 21
Period Goryeo Dynasty

This tombstone is located within the Budojeon, which is located in the eastern side of the Geumsansa. It is believed to have been built in 1111 (King Yejong, 6th), to commemorate the high priest Hyedeogwangsa (1038~1095).

Based on its appearance, the tombstone seems to have had a stone roof on top of the body, but the roof is currently missing. The body originally had a arabesque pattern engraved within it, but the patterns and inscriptions are hard to identify due to wear.

Simwonam Bukgangsamcheungseoktap

National Treasures/Treasures
Location 39 Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Treasure No.29
Date of Designation 1963. 1. 21
Period Goryeo

This stone pagoda is located on the peak of a mountain, 100m north of Simwonam Rock. Parts of the pagoda have been damaged by grave robbers (especially the bodies of the first and second story), but overall, it is preserved relatively well.

The pagoda is made from granite, and has a rectangular shape. The exact shape of the foundation cannot be determined due to it being buried under the ground. The length of the sides are 257.