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The Hope of Korea. The Center City of Saemangeum. GIMJE


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 Historic Sites

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Geumsansa

National Treasures/Treasures
Location 39 Geumsan-ri Geumsan-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Historic Site No.496
Date of Designation 2008 12. 18
Period Baekje Dynasty (King Beob, 1st)

The Geumsansa (Head priest: Wonhaeng) and its 202,304 of land were designated by the Cultural Heritage Administration as the Historic Site No.496 on December 18, 2008.

The Cultural Heritage Administration announced that "the historical and cultural importance of Geumsansa as a representative temple of the Maitreya religion" was the reason for making such decision.

It is expected that the systematic preservation, management, and plans on use of the Mireukjeon (National Treasure No.62) would be made possible, with the recent decision.

Unlike other temples in Korea, the Geumsansa sustained an unique '3 temple system' (Gwanggyowon district, Daesa district, Bongcheonwon district) up until it was destroyed during the Jeongyujaeran (Japanese re-invasion during the Jeongyu year). With the help of the Geumsansa being designated as a Historic Site, the digging processes of the ancient ruins are hoped to be resumed.

The Geumsansa is a temple with a 1400-year history, and was built during the first year of King Beob of Baekje. It was later reconstructed and used as the center of the Maitreya religion by the priest Jinpyo. The Geumsansa obtained its 3 temple system during the Goryeo Dynasty (King Munjong) and had 83 royal palaces and more than 40 smaller temples within it. Later on, lead by the great priest Nwemukcheoyeong, the monk soldiers of Geumsansa helped fight away the Japanese invaders from the Gimje region. But most of the royal palaces and temples were burnt down during the Jeongyujaeran as a revenge.

With the help of the great priest Sumun, the Geumsansa was reconstructed during the Joseon Dynasty (King Injo) and is currently standing today.

Gimje-gun Gwana & Hyanggyo

National Treasures/Treasures
Location Ilwon 7-3deung Gyodong Gimje-si Jeonbuk
Classification Historic Site No.482
Date of Designation 2007. 7. 31
Period Joseon Dynasty

The Gimje area has been known for its rice farming since the Three Kingdoms Dynasty. And based on this advanced agriculture, the region of Gimje flourished during the premodern era. Hence, despite lacking a distinctive political power during the Joseon Dynasty, the influence of the towns were stronger than those of other regions.

The gwanas (=government offices) and hyanggyos (=Confucian schools) remaining within the area support such conditions, and therefore have high historic-academic values. The numerous gwanas remaining (Donghun, Naea, Pigeumgak, and one other building called Gwanrisa) are from the Joseon Dynasty. The hyanggyo Daeseongjeon is from the Joseon Dynasty, while the Myeongryundang and Manhwaru were rebuilt during Japan's colonial rule. These buildings well represent the importance of the gwanas and hyanggyos in local politics and education during that time, and therefore are valuable assets.

Byeokgolje Monument & Embankment

National Treasures/Treasures
Location Wolseung-ri Buryang-myeon Gimje-si
Classification Historic Site No.111
Date of Designation 1963. 1. 21
Period Baekje Dynasty

The Byeokgolje Monument, along with the embankments of Byeokgolje, have been designated as the Historic Site No.111 on January 21, 1963. The Byeokgolje Monument was originally made in 1415 (King Taejong, 15th) to commemorate the restoration of Byeokgolje. But it was restored in 1684 (King Sukjong, 10th) on the top of Shinteolmi Mountain, because the inscriptions had worn away.

The names and positions of the people who were involved in the restoration during King Taejong's reign, are inscribed on the back of the monument. The monument was crumbled 3 years ago, by a farmer who was transporting rice stalks with his tractor, and the monument was newly restored this spring.